In this kind of hot and humid weather it’s just as hot inside as outside and so why not get digging?! 39 pupils as well as 11 6th form students and their teachers joined us for a two- day dig at East Rudham. Students came from Fakenham Academy, Alderman Peel High School, Cromer Academy, Litcham High School and Thomas Clarkson Academy and were all a credit to their schools, displaying determination to dig as well as making insightful remarks about the history of the village and the archaeological process.

We were again based at St Mary’s Church and we were very grateful for it’s medieval air conditioning system (read: thick stone walls). Alison Dickens, manager of Access Cambridge Archaeology welcomed the mixed year 9, 10 and 12 students, explaining how the next three days would work practically, and also what the pupil’s could hope to achieve. The ILAFS programme is designed to inspire pupils on to higher education, by giving them the skills to take control of their own learning, giving them an experience of learning outside the classroom and boosting their confidence by seeing themselves achieve at a task completely new to them. The Day 1 talk sets them up for this, by explaining not only the practical skills of excavations, but also the key ideas to start interpreting the archaeology they discover. When a student find their first piece of pottery, or fragment of metalwork, we try to get them to think about what it could mean more widely. Where was the object made? What can it tell us about trade, status, access routes, in the past? Was this an agricultural, or manufacturing area? How has the natural landscape influenced the activities in the area?

This is the second time we have dug in East Rudham and our 10th ILAFS of the year. The previous report can be found here. A map showing where this year’s test pits were located can be found there- most were group in a field close to a medieval moated site and within sight of another church in the village. A 6th form student from Fakenham Academy supervised each test pit, helping students to organise themselves, stepping in to motivate the team and assessing the younger students. These are all very valuable skills to have in the workplace and at university and is a highly useful experience to have when writing their university applications in the next few months. Teachers and members of the ACA team also toured the village checking in on students and giving the benefit of their archaeological knowledge. Despite the incredible heat on Day 1 the teams were soon discovering finds for the first time and by the end of Day 1 we already had a number of test pits who had found medieval pottery. All the test pits were close by to known areas of anglo-saxon settlement so it would be interesting to see if they found supporting evidence. Jo Stone, our Beacon School co-ordinator was very excited when she spotted a lovely piece of 11th century pottery which included a thumbprint, part of the decoration of the pot it came from. Another test pit found the complete end of a clay pipe which by its size probably dates to the 17th century. Other interesting finds included a button, coins and building materials which together suggest changing uses of the area as it is now a field and was previously common land. I will look forward to reading the student’s reports interpreting their findings.

The third day of ILAFS is always spent in Cambridge, pulling together the students’ knowledge and ideas in preparation for writing their reports but more importantly giving them a taste of what it is like to learn and live at university. A clear, set out talk on what to write is very valuable as as GCSE coursework has now been dropped, this is one of the few opportunities students have to write and gain feedback on a long piece of their own research, prior to A levels. We hope that the skills they learn from completing the report will stay with them, and give them an advantage when working independently. At this age is it easy to see GCSEs- your first big exam – as completely deciding your future but hopefully we can show the students that there is life beyond year 11. Archaeology won’t be for many of them, but hopefully the skills they learnt of motivating others (despite rain and clay soils), planning their work and time and academic skills will give them a great start to their futures. During lunch at Clare college, a member of the admissions team for Cambridge there highlighted to the students how much of a useful experience ILAFS is. It demonstrates to universities that you have not just passively been along on a trip, but taken it through to completion, putting in much time and effort to achieve that. Trinity and Christ’s colleges also took students for lunch and a tour so that ILAFS pupils could see how university students live as well as work.

 

After lunch, while the younger students were at their session in the museum, Emma Smith, Schools Liaison Officer at Homerton College took the year 12 students for a session designed for them. Together they looked at personal statements, working through examples and pointing out areas which are of interest to universities. Personal Statements are a key part of the admissions process but for many it is the first time they have had to ‘sell themselves’ and their skills. Pointers on what to highlight are therefore useful, not only for UCAS applications but also in job applications.

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Being in the surroundings of the University of Cambridge also hopefully inspires the students who are just deciding their futures. We had some great feedback from the students for this session which we try to offer to any older ILAFS participant. “I enjoyed the personal statement session as it gave great insight into the types of criteria universities look for in this part of the application.” GG Fakenham College. “I have gained and developed skills that will help me to show evidence of these skills such as leadership and verbal communication skills as well as working successfully in a team.” MK Fakenham college.

Younger students were just as positive about their experience. “It was informing and very helpful in terms of helping me decide my future.”CY Litcham High School. “I really enjoyed visiting the university. It really inspired me to work even harder so I might one day study here. … Thanks to the staff for a brilliant experience!” L, Cromer Academy. “[I learnt] that there is more to university than I thought.” JD Thomas Clarkson Academy

 

Staff highlighted “how by mixing up students from different schools, the students learned how to work quickly and effectively with others, a valuable skill for the workplace.” JS Fakenham Academy. The Field School “also increased their confidence and ability to learn new skills and work independently” (KH Litcham School). Many thanks to Jo Stone from Fakenham for organising the schools to come on the trip and thank you to all the staff and students who came!

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Posted by: archaccess | June 23, 2017

Northstowe Excavations Open Day

Open Day at Northstowe Phase 2 Archaeological Excavation Site – 8th July from 10am – 4pm

Aerial View

The archaeological excavation at Northstowe Phase 2 will be open to the public between 10am and 4pm on Saturday 8th July 2017. Work is currently progressing on a large Iron Age and Roman settlement extending over at least 20 hectares (50 acres).  The site is located at a crossroads and there are remains of buildings, ditches, rubbish pits and many other features and artefacts from all periods of the site’s history.

 

There will be an opportunity to view on-going excavation work on part of the site, a display of finds and information about both the process of the work and the archaeological findings. Access Cambridge Archaeology (ACA) will also be on site offering hands on learning for any younger visitors and there will also be a chance to sign up to take part in an archaeological dig in Longstanton.

Map

 

Access to the archaeology site is via the gate to the former Oakington Barracks on Rampton Road, Longstanton, CB24 3EN. Parking is available on site. There is level access suitable for wheelchair users and those of more limited mobility.

 

Open Day JPEG

From Lincolnshire two ILAFS ago, Essex last week, ACA get all round the country and this week we’re in Hampshire! 36 enthusiastic pupils from The Costello School, Cranbourne Business and Enterprise College and Robert May’s School joined us to excavate 9 test pits across North Warnborough for the 5th consecutive year. We are by now getting a fairly good understanding of the history of North Warnborough and data from the previous excavations can be found here.  The pits were organised by John Champion and other members of The Odiham Society. The Mill House pub proved a wonderful base for the two days of excavation.

The students arrived keen to participate, and keen to get out and active having just completed their exams. Archaeology however isn’t just digging a hole in the ground and seeing what you find, so first they needed the process explained to them by Alison Dickens. The planning, recording and measuring needed to excavate well can seem tedious to some pupils, but is vital so that we can produce comparable results whether we are in Lincolnshire or Hampshire. Fully informed, the students were then grouped into teams of 4, headed up by a teacher, and sent out to their test pits. The 9 test pits were spread along the length of the village Right up North Warnborough Street, Dunley’s hill and on Bridge Road.

Previous finds in the village have given us a fairly good idea of what we might find. However there were still some surprises. During the afternoon of Day 1 a button was found and after deciphering the writing on it and some  brief research w discovered that that button could only have been manufactured in Birmingham between 1900 and 1928. This type of buttons were used on military uniforms and we therefore think it quite likely that it may have come off the uniform of a first world war soldier from North Warnborough. Archaeology can also inform us about recent event. In comparison, test pit 3 had some burnt flints which could be over 5,000 years old. These had been used by neolithic people as a way of heating their meals or water, by placing the stones in the fire to heat, then placing them in the water- a technique that boils water faster than a modern kettle!

Ginny Pringle was on hand on Thursday to give a local expert’s eye on the pottery that we were discovering and try and pin down the date of some of the finds. She is the chair of CBA Wessex and the Basingstoke Archaeological & Historical Society (BAHS), and has done similar work to ACA’s at Old Basing, close to North Warnborough. There she is building a fabric series for the finds and is compiling the final report. As pottery can be so closely dated, it allows us to build up a picture of how the village has grown and changed. Associated artefacts in the same context might give us clues about the industries and activities in the village during those times. Medieval pottery and floor tile was found in several of the test pits and the full pottery report will be available here. We also found some more unusual finds; it quite literally rained cats and dogs in North Warnborough this year as we found bones from at least4 different dogs and a whole cat skeleton. The cat skeleton was probably somewhere over 20 years old, having been buried in the flower bed. However the dog bones were discovered at a fairly deep layer and had turned black, having been lying in a waterlogged area which had once been a pond. There were lower jaw bones from at least four dogs and other bones as well. Over the two days the students worked very well and had some great insights into how the history of North Warnborough could be understood.

 

After a very early start, the students arrived in Cambridge for Day 3 of the ILAFS programme. This is where the morning was taken up by a lecture looking at the study of settlements and guidance on writing their reports given by Emily Ryley, ACA Administrator. The students felt they were much more prepared for the demands of university level work after the lecture which guides them through how to write and submit a report covering the aims, methods and results of their test pit excavations. After marking and grading, all students receive a certificate of participation and an assessment of their data collection as well as personal, learning and thinking skills during the two days spent excavating, along with detailed feedback on their written report, if submitted. Writing the report also gives an excellent practice at writing coursework, developing those skills which they will rely on at A-level and university.

At lunchtime the schools were hosted by Peterhouse and Corpus Colleges. The students really enjoyed their visit to the colleges commenting: “I really enjoyed everything! I particularly liked seeing Peterhouse college, the library, eating lunch as if I was a student and learning so much about archaeology, digging and the university.” EM Robert May’s School. The group also filled the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in the afternoon. They were given an exercise relating to the points on settlement history discussed in the morning, and asked to use the museum’s collections to discover what they could learn about the settlements represented in the collections. This involved thinking about some of the same questions they had used to examine their own finds; where did the pottery come from, what could it tell us about trade links, what was the land used for, was it valuable land?

The final session of the day was with Caitlin Saunders , the new Schools Liaison Officer at Peterhouse college who gave the year 9 students a talk on their potential university and later careers. While this might seems a little premature it is very helpful to start introducing these ideas early. Not only does it help focus pupils by giving them an aim, they can also start to build relevant experience and make sensible choices that will open doors for them in later life.

 

Staff appreciated the different learning environment ILAFS provides as well as the wider perspectives it can give.. “This has been another excellent dig. The school and students are really appreciative of the experience and opportunity. THANKS!!” DP, Robert May’s School “ A chance to learn in a completely different environment. A brilliant opportunity to learn how to work together and support one another.” CC, Costello School

 

Students enjoyed learning independently, setting and achieving a challenge and working with new people. “It was nice to mix with other schools we hadn’t previously met . Also it was nice digging in someone’s garden … as it was interesting to meet the locals.” RH CBEC. “I enjoyed getting to experience things very hands-on and being independent and responsible for our own work.” MB CBEC. “The staff from ILAFS were all very friendly and helpful and they made sure we got the best experience possible and made the most of this opportunity.” RH CBEC.

 

ACA would like to thank all the students and staff of the schools involved and especially all the local residents of North Warnborough for their time and involvement.

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After a brief break for half term, we are back on the ILAFS track! For the third time we are in Hadleigh in Essex. Although a large conurbation now, with Hadleigh running into Southend-on-sea, Hadleigh was once a small village. Hadleigh, a Saxon word meaning ‘a clearing in the heath,’ is a small town in Essex, 5 miles west of the seaside resort of Southend-on-Sea and 35 miles east of London. It is well-known for the ruins of Hadleigh Castle, a 13th-century Grade I listed building and scheduled monument maintained by English Heritage.

Encouraging the pupils to ignore the more recent developments, the 32 students from Southend High School for Boys listened to an introductory lecture from Alison Dickens, Director of ACA and Project Manager at the Cambridge Archaeological Unit. This aimed not only to give practical instructions but also to introduce the students to wider archaeological questions. How has the physical landscape influenced the human settlement? How have humans changed the physical landscape? How have trade routes, access and specific events influenced the development of the town? In amongst the more modern buildings, signs of Hadleigh’s ancient past shine through, such as the medieval church and the well-know Hadleigh Castle.

These are all large questions to answer, but the students set out keen to answer them on day 1 of the dig. Laying out their test pits and starting to dig the first contexts we were impressed at the attention to detail they showed, as well as their ability to organise themselves as divide up tasks without much input from the their supervisors. Supervising the pupils were teachers from the school but also Jack Roche, member of the AGES- AHA group as well as some of the homeowners themselves who were keen to get involved the process. We excavated in Castle lane, Elm road, Beech road, Homestead way, Galleydene, Florence gardens and New road. Tow test pits were also dug by the local archaeology group AGES -AHA. One nearby to a previous test pit which has uncovered a floor layer, possibly roman, and another at a nearby house.

It was great to have to local society there, as it provided a live example of archaeology for local visitors to see. We had a number of local people interested to see what we found. Hadleigh Junior School also visited and were able to see how archaeology happens, the tools we use, and the things we found. They were great at answering questions and showed some wonderful creative thinking about the past. Understanding that depth of time is a difficult concept to grasp but they were able to actually see how we discover the past, and not only read about it!

By Day 2, we were finding some exciting things, and John Newman, pottery expert had been helping with the identification of the objects. Many of the material came from the victorian period but excitingly, Test pit 6 found some complete glass bottles, a bone gaming piece, as well as shoes, and even a porcelain figure of a soldier. There was plenty of 17th-19th century pottery tool, but many test pits also produced medieval pottery and some roman as well. Further analysis will confirm this and the full pottery report will be available on our website here.

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The boys from Southend High School showed an amazing level of commitment and detail throughout the dig and continued to do so on Day 3 of the trip to Cambridge. Emily Ryley, Administrator at ACA and graduate of the archaeology department at Cambridge gave the morning’s lecture giving details on how to write a report in an academic fashion, synthesising archaeological and historical information to come to clear conclusions. Writing the report will prepare students for those bigs steps they will have to take in the level of work they need to do in later years. By becoming comfortable as with the work now, they are at a great advantage.

It’s not all work though as they then visited Corpus and St John’s college for lunch and a tour of the college. It’s great for students to be able to see this side of the university and get a fuller sense of what being a students is like. It was then on to other types of learning as the students enjoyed an hour in the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology examining the collections and seeing what they could work out about past settlements from them. To answer any questions that occurred to the pupils over the day, Emma Smith, Schools Liaison Officer at Homerton College gave a talk about university in general.

Packing all that into the last three days really made an impact on the students saying “I have learnt a new subject and it has made me realise I want to go to Cambridge and make me want to work really hard to get in.” OC. “I really enjoyed the opportunity to go out and learn something new with new people and having a challenge; not too easy but not impossibly hard.” JB. Other students commented on how much they found out about university, working with others, and just how much they appreciated this unique opportunity! Thanks boys!

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Archaeology cake from AGES- AHA!

Posted by: archaccess | May 24, 2017

David Parr House: a hidden gem

Although we are not running an ILAFS this week, you can’t keep us in the office when the weather is this nice! We have been digging a couple test excavations in the garden of an amazingly preserved and beautifully decorated 19th century house which has been fascinating to see.

Between 1886-1927, David Parr, artistic painter for the Cambridge based decorating firm F R Leach & Sons lived at 186 Gwydir Street, just off Mill Road in Cambridge. It is safe to say he often took his work home with him. Transforming his ordinary late Victorian terrace into a monument dedicated to the influences of the Arts and Crafts movements with influences from William Morris and others. After his death the house was lived in by his granddaughter Elsie Palmer and her family who did little to alter the fantastic decorations. Thus, this amazing body of work has been preserved and continues to be looked after by the David Parr House CIO charity. 

A recent grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund has enabled them to begin conserving and renovating the house, in order to make it in some way accessible to the public. As part of this the David Parr House CIO are looking to do some archaeological work in the garden of the house, before that area is also restored. With such amazing records and preservation of the house, this is a perfect opportunity to carry out archaeology of in a very tightly dated period of use and of a time not often studied; the 19th century.

Prior to a larger archaeological excavation involving the local community, Alison, Cat and Emily dug two 50 cm x 50m test pits in the garden to ascertain how deep the archaeology goes and therefore what scale of excavation would be possible. Finds from these evaluation trenches revealed a few bones, brick and china as well as some tile which looks very similar to that used in the house. A good promise that we will be able to get an archaeological insight into the everyday life of those in the house. This project will hopefully be a great chance to get many more people involved with the investigation and restoration of the house. We’ll spend some time now planning our next steps, and hope to bring you more news about this project in future months.

For more about the David Parr House, please see their website, Facebook or Twitter pages.

Posted by: archaccess | May 22, 2017

Peterborough Cathedral Excavation Report now online!

Access Cambridge Archaeology (ACA) with the Cambridge Archaeological Unit (CAU) led the 2016 community excavations within the Peterborough Cathedral precinct, where 8 trenches were excavated by a over 150 volunteers over a 12 day period. The dig culminated with the Peterborough Heritage Festival weekend that celebrated both the heritage and history of the city of Peterborough and the Cathedral. Each day over the Heritage Festival weekend, we also had just over 400 visitors through the gate to see the archaeology.

The community excavations were part of the Cathedral’s ‘Peterborough 900: Letting it speak for itself’ project which had been awarded money from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) as part of these 900th anniversary celebrations of the cathedral in 2018. This will also include the construction of a new Heritage Centre at the cathedral which will enable a larger number of visitors and school groups to engage directly with the public.

The final write up of the excavations results can be found on our website along with a summary of the dig. ACA would like to thank all the volunteers again for all your hard work last summer and to the staff at Peterborough Cathedral for allowing us to dig!

Posted by: archaccess | May 22, 2017

The ACA 2017 ILAFS season so far….

ACA are half way through the 2017 Independent Learning Archaeology Field School season (ILAFS) which started back in March. Our first dig was in Brundall (Norfolk), which was out third year of digging there and 35 school students were able to excavate 9 test pits, bringing the total so far dug in the village to 41. For this year’s dig check out the ACA blog post on the excavation. The test pits were mainly sited in the east of the village and with a lot of help from the Brundall Local History Group, we have started to track the development of the village that probably began in the Bronze Age with a cluster of activity noted on the higher ground overlooking the River Yare. The results of all the Brundall digs can be found on our website here.

Our second dig of the season was also in Norfolk, this time much further west in the village of Hillington. It was also out third year of excavations in the village where 29 pupils excavated a further 8 test pits that brings the total so far dug in the settlement to 26. Check out this year’s blog post for more information. Prehistoric and Roman settlement were both identified with also the first evidence for Early Anglo Saxon occupation for the village. This village continued to develop through the Anglo Saxon period as a settlement with at least two separate focal points of occupation, a concept that continued through the medieval period as well. Our thanks go to members of the Kings Lynn and West Norfolk Archaeological Society who have helped the dig grow; the results from each year can be seen on our website here.

Our third dig in March was a new site for ACA (as well as being nice and close) was in the village of Histon, just north of Cambridge. The Histon and Impington History Society had already excavated an impressive 26 test pits in 2016 through both settlements, so with the help of 49 school pupils, an additional 13 test pits were able to be excavated in Histon, with a focus around the current church of St Andrew’s and the remains of the second church in the village, St Ethelreda’s. The results from both years’ excavations can be found on our website, but the student excavations this year have added to what has been found with additional sites yielding Romano-British pottery plus a number also expanded the previously extent of Anglo Saxon activity, including around both churches before the settlement seemed to shift further east from the late Saxon period onwards. The blog from this years excavation can be found here.

   

After a break for the Easter Holidays we were back out test pitting at the end of April in the charming village of Blythburgh, close to the Suffolk coast. This was our first time excavating in the village (having dug for the previous four years in neighbouring Walberswick) and with the help of members of the Blythburgh Society and local residents we were able to dig a total of 13 test pits across the village with 47 local school students. The earliest evidence for activity was noted to be from the Middle Anglo Saxon period (8th century) that was also along the original main road through the village that continued to grow and expand through the Late Saxon and medieval periods. Initial results from the excavation also suggest that the settlement was not hit too badly by the various social and economic upheavals of the 14th century (including the Black Death). The results can be seen on our website here.

At the beginning of May, we embarked on another new site, this time in north Suffolk in the now one long settlement of Rickinghall and Botesdale. With the help of 24 local school students we excavated a total of 6 test pits in the northern half of the settlement, the sites were kindly found by members of the Quatrefoil Local History Society. The test pits yielded evidence for Late Iron Age activity on the high ground in the far north of Botesdale with then no finds dating to after the Norman Conquest. Rickinghall only was recorded in the Domesday Book on 1086, so it seems that the settlement spread north from there during the medieval period onwards. A record of the excavation can be found here, and our initial results from the first dig can be seen on our website here.

Well into the routine of digging this year, the next dig was in south Essex in the now small town of Southminster for our third year of excavations there. This year a total of 38 local school pupils excavated 10 test pits bringing the total so far excavated there to 32. For more information about this year’s dig click here. The first evidence for Iron Age activity was noted in the 2017 excavations around the edge of the King George V playing field that also yielded evidence for Roman activity. Despite the fact that Southminster was recorded in the Domesday Book, no Anglo Saxon pottery has yet been found through the test pitting, the rest of the finds date from the medieval period onwards, with a specific cluster of activity noted around the church, with evidence for a probable medieval structure noted in test pit 3, immediately south of the church. The rest of the results can be found here.

Last week we dug in another new site for ACA, at Old Clee, now a part of Grimsby in north east Lincolnshire. Despite a soaking wet first day, 29 Year 10 pupils were able to excavate 8 test pits around the 11th century church in Old Clee, an account of the excavation can be seen here. The name Clee comes from the Old English word for clay o there was some hard digging but hopefully some great results when the pottery report comes through. Results will be here when they are available here. The students had a long journey down to Cambridge, with many of them also visiting the city for the first time, seeing the Department, getting a tour and lunch at one of the colleges and learning more about what it is like to study at University.

The Cambridgeshire ILAFS for this week has been postponed until the autumn and with half term we have a couple of weeks to catch up around the office and get ready for the second half of the field school season that will start on the 7th June in Hadleigh down in Essex. Stay tuned to see what we find!

     

It’s another new site for us this week as we’re running the first of two Independent Learning Archaeology Field Schools happening in Lincolnshire this year. Old Clee was once a small village, based around the 11th century saxo-norman Church, which has now been absorbed into the growth of Grimsby. Pupils from Ormiston Maritime Academy, Caistor Yarborough Academy and Oasis Wintringham Academy however were primed to uncover the history and development of Old Clee from beneath the veneer of recent development, and give us a clearer insight into the origins of the settlement.

Alison Dickens, manager of Access Cambridge Archaeology welcomed the year 10 students from 3 local academies, explaining how the next three days would work practically, and also what the pupil’s could hope to achieve. The ILAFS programme is designed to inspire pupils on to higher education, by giving them the skills to take control of their own learning, giving them an experience of learning outside the classroom and boosting their confidence by seeing themselves achieve at a task completely new to them. The Day 1 talk sets them up for this, by explaining not only the practical skills of excavations, but also the key ideas to start interpreting the archaeology they discover. When a student find their first piece of pottery, or fragment of metalwork, we try to get them to think about what it could mean more widely. Where was the object made? What can it tell us about trade, status, access routes, in the past? Was this an agricultural, or manufacturing area? How has the natural landscape influenced the activities in the area? Keen to start answering these questions 29 pupils, divided into teams of 3 or 4, set out to excavate 8 test pits located on Church lane, St Mary’s Close and Greetham’s Lane.

The clay soils of Grimsby proved to be no match for the strength of the students from Ormiston Maritime, Caistor Yarborough Academy and Oasis Wintringham Academy. Indeed it seems we were on something of a ridge between clay and chalk as there was a striking difference between the soils of test pits less than 100m away from each other. In test pit 8, they found a collection of materials, including some pig bones and teeth. According to a neighbour, the garden had been an orchard before the development of the neighbourhood. Pigs are often kept in orchards so this evidence seems to fit! Test pit 3 was also located near to an area that has had some historical investigation as it was next door to a 17th century moated manor. The manor site in fact has earlier medieval origins. The brick and rubble found in test pit 3 could be related to the pathway between the manor and the church. We will know once the pottery discovered has been analysed by a local expert. Results of the analysis will be available here.

Other more modern features were found at test pit 7 with a large amount of molded concrete appearing. The remains of some kind of structure. Another very different feature was found at test pit 7. Right at the end of the day, a clear distinction in the soil was seen on one side of the test pit. It is difficult to tell without further investigation was this cut feature could be though there is some debate about how it relates to the 11th century church as the test pit was right by the eastern end of the church, though several feet below down a bank. Perhaps then the students had reached an earlier level. The results of the pottery analysis will inform us further..

Identification of objects and interpretation of the contexts was given to the participants throughout the two days by Cat Collins, Archaeological supervisor and Alison Dickens the manager of ACA but also a Senior Manager at the Cambridge Archaeological Unit. In her ‘day job’ Alison oversees huge projects such as the 200+ hectare wide excavations at Northstowe. Test pits are a little more manageable. Cat has been an archaeologist for over 16 years now, both at ACA and at various commercial archaeological units were she has worked on a variety of sites and is a specialist in human remains. The benefit of their knowledge is invaluable to guide the students as they complete their first archaeological excavations.

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After the rain, a beautiful crop of umbrellas appears!

Day 3 of the trip and the students visited Cambridge. Not only is this the first time most of them had visited the town, they got a unique chance to really see the University as well. It was a very long day for them, with much time spent in the coach, but hopefully rewarding. The Day 3 talk by Eoin Parkinson, PhD student, brings together their initial thoughts on archaeology, and explains how they can go about writing up their findings into a clear report. As GCSE coursework has now been dropped, this is one of the few opportunities students have to write and gain feedback on a long piece of their own research, prior to A levels. We hope that the skills they learn from completing the report will stay with them, and give them an advantage when working independently. Being in the surroundings of the University of Cambridge also hopefully inspires the students who are currently in year 10. At this age is it easy to see GCSEs- your first big exam – as completely deciding your future but hopefully we can show the students that there is life beyond year 11. Archaeology won’t be for many of them, but hopefully the skills they learnt of motivating others (despite rain and clay soils), planning their work and time (where to put that bucket, who’s doing the sieving) and academic skills (connecting that piece of clay pipe to the arrival of tobacco in the 16th century) will give them a great start to their futures. We look forward to welcoming the schools again in June when they complete another excavation with their year 9 pupils this time.

We are now well into the season, and for our sixth dig, we have once again come to Southminster in Essex. 38 pupils from William de Ferrers, The Plume School, Ormiston Rivers and The Sandon School excavated 10 test pits. We extended our great thanks to those people who gave up their gardens to our pupils and especially David Stamp of William de Ferrers School for organising the school’s visit.

4 test pits were arranged on the edge of the King George V playing field, close to the community rooms which were our base. After instructions from Alison Dickens first thing on Wednesday morning, the students were keen to get out and start finding things. Other test its were located in the allotments, and also the local care home. It is always interesting to compare what the pupil’s expect archaeology will be like to the reality. While some expect they will be using diggers, or shoveling in clear open spaces, others imagine more delicate brushwork (similar to paleontology excavations). As Alison is able to explain to them however, they are completing a mini-version of a complete archaeological excavation. The only difference between their excavations and those of professional excavators is one of scale. Indeed, the students conducted themselves like true professionals, excavating with skill and determination despite the ground being rather hard after little rain.

 

After the first day, they had got through the first few contexts, and were finding mainly modern to 17th century materials. However, by working hard in a determined fashion, on the second day of excavations, several teams broke through the more recent disturbances and garden soils and started finding older materials. Indeed test pit 4 discovered undisturbed medieval layers. Just to prove how archaeology can vary in the same garden, 5 meters away test pit 5 found mainly builder’s rubble and sand. However the team were not disappointed and worked well together and were able to compare results with their close neighbours.

Pottery expert Paul Blinkhorn joined us for the whole of both days and was therefore able to give plenty of feedback to the participants about what they had found as well as talking more widely about how these small scatters of remains inform us more widely about the past. His expert eyes were able to identify some possible Iron age pottery from one on the test pits on the playing field. Previously we had found Bronze Age material so this is adding to our understanding of the development of Southminster. Recorded in the Domesday book, the archaeological evidence for the settlement are still elusive, but this year we excavated closer to the church than ever before and were rewarded with a wealth of medieval pottery at test pit 3. This test pit is also very close to the site of the old school. Possible evidence of the school was found in test pit 10, across a field from the old school site and nearby to the current primary school. There we identified the edge of a school writing slate.

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Windswept and a little sunburnt, the students were very pleased with their efforts. Archaeology is hard work, and we recognise the effort the students put in by giving them a grade for the practical excavation. One student summed it up well saying “I did not enjoy the blisters and back pains but I believe they were worth it.” PO Plume School. By the end of the second day students left Soutminster with some early ideas about the history of the area.

Those ideas came together the next morning with a lecture from Eóin Parkinson, PhD student at the department. This coalesced the student’s primary thoughts into definable ideas of how settlements develop and grow and how their own research can inform us. Lunch today was provided by Corpus, St John’s and Trinity Hall colleges. Often students are a little confused by the word ‘college’ at Cambridge as they imagine something closer to a 6th form college. However visiting the colleges gives a great insight into how students really live, work and play. In this way hopefully ILAFS attendees can imagine themselves as students one day too. A talk from Selwyn Schools Liaison Officer, Michelle Tang, helped by giving them some more facts and figures of courses, choices and where university might lead them in the future.

All the students have a great time for the three days with us: “I feel like I have gained more independence and it has convinced me to go to university in the future.” JR, Ormiston Rivers Academy. “Touring Cambridge was the highlight of the trip. Seeing what student life was about was great.” TC William De Ferrers School. Many of the students realise what a range of new experiences and skills they have gained from this trip, from practical, to time management, determination and independence. “I have learnt new skills and more about university as well as making new friends.” JD, Plume School

Many thanks to all who attended, helpout, gave up their garden and a special thanks to John Anderson of the Southminster parish council for this organisation. I will leave the final words to one of the students who really summed up the experience well. “I really enjoyed day 3, coming to the university, as I never really thought I was capable of attending such as high university but now I have been inspired to aim higher. Michelle [the Schools Liaison Officer] was really helpful”. RC, William De Ferrers School.

Another new site this week as we’re in the charming village of Botesdale, which merges gently into the next village of Rickinghall. 24 pupils from King Edward VI School and Sybil Andrews Academy arrived promptly on ter first day, keen to get started and were soon away at the 6 different test pits, getting down to their first contexts. The test pit sites were arranged by Cat Collins alongside the local history society. We had much interest from the local community about the excavations so hopefully we’ll be able to return next year.

Emily, Cat and Alison toured the test pits in the morning, seeing that all teams were working well together. Two of the test pits were being supervised by 6th form students, who were able to gain valuable leadership and management experience, helpful to their current university applications. One of the test pits, was sited in the garden of the old grammar school, originally a chapel, during the dissolution it was turned into a classroom. Possible fragments of the original stained glass were found by the students excavating. Two other test pits were located in the grounds of former pubs, and found fragments of German stoneware (often used for drinking vessels), clay pipes, and lemonade bottles. Test pit 2 found the remains of a chalk floor layer, probably relating to the use of the area as the yard for a coach house, a chalk floor being a method for laying down a new, clean floor. Finally test pit 6 found the base of a wall, possibly foundations of an outbuilding, long since demolished. John Newman was touring the test pits giving expert advice on the finds from the day. As well as some medieval pottery test pit 3 also found some more unusual items such as wig curlers, and a huge bone, probably from a horse! A photographer from the Bury Free News also arrived to document the students efforts and a story should appear in the newspaper sometime next week.

Day 3, and the students arrived in Cambridge to apply their practical experience

to the wider body of archaeological knowledge. Emily Ryley gave the morning’s lecture on the wider aims of the ILAFS programme, and spelling out the archaeological questions the students might like to tackle in their written reports. The written reports the student complete are very valuable to the learning experience of ILAFS, as it demonstrates that link between the classroom and future careers; applying skills and knowledge in a completely new context and producing written documentation of that. Hopefully full of knowledge of how to start tackling their projects, the students were treated to lunch at Newnham and Emmanuel Colleges. After some very tasty food, they were given a tour of the college, including seeing students bedrooms, which one pupil commented were “nicer than he thought they would be, not dark and small at all”. Good to know we treat students well then. Back to work and it was on to the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, were pupils were given a task to examine the museum’s collections and then present to the others, what they could learn about that culture’s settlements and resources from the collections. For instance, one team were show the Roman Cambridge collection and were able to reflect both on local industries, and trade from across the Roman region. Another looked at the Indus valley in Asia and discuss religious beliefs and settlement patterns there. It’s really great to be able to give pupils something to focus on in their visit, and relate their learning to what they are seeing. From the day the students get a very well-rounded experience of university life, and study. The two 6th form students who had helped out supervising younger pupils on previous days were also able to get some dedicated time to go through personal statements, applications, and other pressing questions, as well as a private tour of the department and its laboratories. The year 9 pupils were also given a more general talk on university, demonstrating how they could start thinking about their own subject choices and where they would like to go later in life.

Of the experience, pupils said they enjoyed “interacting with professional archaeological techniques” OM -King Edward VI School. “I really enjoyed looking at all of the things we found and trying to work out how they were used as a group.” IS- KEVI. Some pupils commented that they were able to form new friendships in their test pit groups, others that they gained entirely new skills, or became more proficient in organisation, and communication. The pupils were a credit to their schools and look forward to reading their written reports.

Our report on the pottery and other details can be found on our website here. Finally we would like to say a big thank you to our local co-coordinators in Rickinghall & Botesdale and we’ll look forward to returning next year!

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